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What is the Difference Between Co Curricular and Extra Curricular Activities?



It is an on-going debate related to the importance of co-curricular and extracurricular activities in schools for the past decades. There is no question that children’s time in the formative years of childhood is vitally important.

The difference between co-curricular and extracurricular activities in Global Indian International School Bangalore can be a valuable way of helping to enhance the educational experience for your students. However, many people do not understand this subtle difference and how it can serve a purpose in education.

By understanding precisely what these terms mean, you can use them to help create an educational program tailored to your students’ needs.

Below are some of the differences between these two types of activities that you should be familiar with:

  • Co-curricular activities are usually games or hands-on projects that require students to take an active role in developing the training. These activities promote creativity, imagination, and problem-solving skills in students. For example, in art class, students will often find themselves having to make models or perform simple mimicry exercises as a part of a larger group project. These types of activities are an essential part of the learning process, and they provide students with the opportunity to use their creativity in a structured environment.
  • Extracurricular Programs are typically organized around a specific topic or theme. They are generally held weekly throughout the semester or even daily during the day during special school events. Most of these programs are organized by a school’s drama and music department, fine-arts department, or another interest department. These programs add a creative spark to students’ activities, and they may include short skits, songs, dances, theatre plays, or even contests based on writing or acting out scenes from a book. Many extracurricular programs are supported by schools’ athletic departments, as well.
  • Co-curricular activities are designed for a specific purpose, such as team building or art and literature study. They vary significantly from program to program, as well. There is a wide variety of curricular activities available, including field trips, treasure hunts, and more. The activities may also serve a particular social purpose, such as enhancing communication skills between students or increasing awareness of a specific community issue.
  • Extracurricular activities can have an impact on students’ performance in school. In the same way, group activities can lead to positive behavioural changes, extracurricular activities can have the opposite effect, depending on the students involved. Group activities can be more successful at motivating and improving the quality of life for all students if they are appropriately coordinated and planned.
  • Co-curricular activities are not just for fun and games, though. Many of them incorporate educational lessons into the action. It can be helpful, especially for lower elementary students who might not already have a good grasp of math or science. Some elementary school teachers also use co-curricular activities to help students work on reading and writing skills.
  • There are some extracurricular activities that schools can introduce without the support of a curricular plan. For instance, cultural clubs provide a way for students to explore their interests outside of the classroom. In many cases, teachers encourage these clubs’ participation in the school’s extracurricular activities, including drama clubs, musicals, drama tours, or even visiting museums. And the same promotes emotional and mental development while helping the students to appreciate the concept of ‘teamwork.’


Research has shown that the amount of time spent in co-curricular and extracurricular activities positively affects test scores, cognitive abilities, and overall academic curriculum. In terms of personality development, co-curricular and extracurricular activities are highly effective in this regard, too.

Children learn how to use their creativity and understand the value of teamwork, fairness, and respect. By getting into these things as a child, children will grow into adults with strong public speaking, leadership, collaboration, and other personality development skills. After all, it takes two to tango!

Thus, while the classroom might be the key to success, the more fun and interesting the extracurricular setting is, the more productive the academic curriculum will be.


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