If you start to closely monitor your car’s condition, then in the long term, you can save a lot of effort and money. In addition to saving on repairs, the driver gets a more durable and reliable car. If you have to part with your “iron horse,” then the income from its sale will be much higher. The review provides 5 simple tips to help any driver reduce unnecessary car costs.
Use only high-quality Gasoline
A car engine requires three things to run: fuel, air, and an electric spark. The fuel used must always be of high quality; otherwise the machine will not work as it should, and even engine repairs may be required.
It would be best if you bought gasoline only at proven gas stations. At the same time, the well-known name of the fuel company does not guarantee high-quality fuel. It is also far from the fact that more expensive fuel will be better than the cheap one.
Drivers should pay attention to fuel markings. Some car models are allowed to refuel with different gasoline.
In this case, it is better not to be greedy and use the one with the higher octane number. It gives an increase in power and a decrease in consumption. The effect is especially noticeable in injection vehicles.
Inspect and maintain electrical systems
When servicing a vehicle, little attention is usually paid to the electrical system. But it also needs to be monitored because the problems begin already with the battery terminals.
Each time you look under the hood, you should inspect them. The terminals must be clean and free of debris. The wires must not be twisted or bent. The “minus” wire is then connected to the ground (body and engine of the car).
The place of its attachment to the body must also be clean, and the wire must not dangle. And it should be remembered that in any work with electrical equipment, the “minus” terminal is disconnected from the battery, and only then the “plus” one.
This is very important for the safety of “delicate” electrical appliances.
There are no “eternal” filters.
Air is as necessary for the engine to work as gasoline. It is sucked from under the hood, where it must be filtered from debris and dust.
In modern cars, as a rule, one filter is used. It should be changed at least as often as indicated in the operating instructions.
But if the vehicle is operated in the southern regions, where there is a lot of dust, it should be done more often. Dust clogs the filter and keeps air out. Because of this, the car loses power and may not even start. You can’t drive without a filter, either.
Grains and debris getting into the engine cylinders lead to their accelerated wear and then further deteriorate the engine oil properties.
In addition to air, fuel and oil filters also require attention. They should also be replaced according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Do not wait for problems with the fuel supply system or deterioration of the lubrication of parts. This is fraught with large financial losses.
Check fluids regularly
A modern car uses quite many fluids, including engine oil, windshield washer fluid, brake fluid, transmission oil, and heavy lubricants in the chassis.
From time to time, it is necessary to check their level and quality (purity). The amount of engine and transmission oil is checked with dipsticks, on which the minimum and maximum levels are marked.
To keep the car longer, it is worth getting into the habit of opening the hood and checking the oil level every time you refuel.
The brake fluid reservoir is also located under the hood – on the engine compartment’s rear wall directly in front of the driver. It would help if you didn’t open it without a good reason unless you would add liquid.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Tire pressure directly affects tire life, fuel economy, and safety. However, few drivers regularly check the tire pressure.
Some newer vehicles have built-in tire pressure sensors that display a message on the dashboard. For others, checking the pressure should become standard procedure with every refueling, or at least once a week.
The amount of air pressure varies from model to model. You can recognize it by the plate at the end of the door. On passenger cars, this is usually 2-2.5 atmospheres (bar).
Treadwear is another important factor in tire quality. The lower the tread height, the worse the grip of the tires. The braking distance is increased, which makes driving dangerous.
The minimum tread size is regulated by law: 1.6 mm for summer tires and 4 mm for winter tires. For tires that are worn out to such a limit, one way is to landfill.
To increase the life of the wheels of the car and to ensure more even wear of the tires, they are reversed. Every 10,000 kilometers (or when changing the oil), the wheels are rearranged according to a special scheme: the rear ones are put forward, and the front ones are rearward, also changing the left and right.
At the same time, they also look at the tires’ general condition, checking for the absence of scuffs and bumps.