Known by many as Cannabis, Marijuana, Mary Jane, Ganja, Holly weed, Pot, Grass, weed, and a whole lot of other names. The cannabis plant is used mainly for medical and or recreational uses. Surveyed to have the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as its main psychoactive property couple with the fact that it is just one of 483 components that resides in the plant.
Marijuana or Cannabis also possesses a mouthwatering 65 other cannabinoids with the cannabidiol (CBD) inclusive. With that in mind, there are a multitude of ways through which this cannabis is consumed. Some of which include:
- Cannabis induced edibles
Cannabis: Mental and Physical Effects
Unlike most plants, cannabis comes with a wide array of physical and mental effects. All of which is a testament to its active chemical components. With that said, some of these effects include:
- Altered states of mind
- Sense of time
- Difficulty concentrating
- Impaired short-term memory and body movement
- Increase in appetite.
When smoked, the full force of the psychoactive component in cannabis (THC) sets in within minutes and requires about 30 minutes to an hour if consumed eaten as cannabis-induced edible. Depending on the intake, the high feeling can last for between 2-6 hours. If consumed in excess, the THC in the plant has the knack of triggering:
- As well as Psychosis
Cannabis Use and the Risk of Psychosis
Thanks to years of extensive research, findings opines that there is a correlation between cannabis use and the risk of psychosis. Even though the findings are still very much inclusive. As such, some of the physical effects associated with the usage of cannabis include:
- Increased heart rate
- Difficulty breathing
- Behavioral problems in children (especially the once whose mothers smoked cannabis during pregnancy
Some short-term effects associated with the use of cannabis include
- Dry mouth
- Red eyes
Amongst other things, some long-term adverse effects associated with cannabis sometimes include
- Chronic coughing
- As well as vulnerability to respiratory infections
The Rise of Cannabis/ Marijuana
Although cannabis is used for spiritual purposes, it remains a versatile drug, one that is used medically as a drug or recreationally. According to the FDA, 2013 recorded almost 250 million people who used cannabis or cannabis induced products. Most of which were surveyed to be aged between 15 and 65. Although the drug remains a schedule 1 drug in the US, it remains the most commonly used illegal drug in the world.
What the Stats Say about Cannabis
With that said 2018 saw the US, Canada, Nigeria, and Zambia, record astronomical figures of cannabis use amongst adults. 2016 recorded that, over 50% of people in leaving in the US admitted to having used cannabis at least once sandwiched with the 12 and 7.3% who admitted to having used the drug in the past years and months respectively.
Although cannabis has been cultivated for the best part of the 3rd millennium BCE, findings opine that the plant has been consumed for its psychoactive effects at least more than 2,500 years in the Pamir Mountains. Engineered by a lack of knowledge and research on cannabis, the 20th century saw a multitude of legal restrictions placed on this beautiful but yet misunderstood drug. The restrictions included
- And cultivation
As though this wasn’t enough, the drug was made illegal in most countries all over the world. The year 2013 signaled a new beginning in the global cannabis trade, engineered by Uruguay who became the first nation to legalize cannabis recreational use. Followed by Canada, Georgia, and South Africa not forgetting the 11 districts of Columbia in the United States (though the drug isn’t legalized federally).
There are a multitude of research and findings associated with cannabis, its uses, benefits, and shortcoming. However, one factor that was responsible for the legalization of this drug lies in its medicinal potencies. Some of which includes the plant ability to serve as a panacea for
- Chronic pain
- Helps patients suffering from cancer
- Stress and stress-related disorders
- And many more.